National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute has designed an eating plan especially for hypertensive patients. The dietary plan contains less of saturated fat and cholesterol. It promotes vegetables, fruits, and low-fat dairy products. The dietary plan is known as DASH and can prevent help treat high blood pressure, if followed religiously. The eating plan was derived after a study known as Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension. In addition to the above, the eating plain includes whole-grain products, poultry, fish, and nuts. It limits use of meat, sweets, sugary foods and beverages, and promotes diet rich in magnesium, calcium, potassium, and fiber. To follow a DASH eating plan, one needs to follow the points below:
Reducing dietary sodium and salt helps lower the blood pressure. Some races like African-Americans along with elder people are highly sensitive to sodium and salt. Being sensitive means one has a tendency to retain fluid if taken (salt) in excess. It can be due to defect in kidneys that they are not able to get rid of sodium. In this process, body tries to dilute sodium in blood by conserving fluids, which forces the blood vessels to work harder to circulate additional blood volume. Therefore, it is especially advised to keep a check on sodium and salt intake to keep control on high blood pressure.