While there is no known cause of hypertension, there are some factors that put you at risk of developing it. The first and the foremost factor is your age – the older you are, the greater are the chances of you developing high blood pressure (hypertension). Weight of a person is also responsible to a great degree in developing hypertension. Being obese or overweight puts you at risk of developing hypertension. Next very important factor is race. While Africans and Americans have been found to be more prone to high blood pressure, Caucasians have been found to be quite stable in this case.
Another factor that can put you at risk of hypertension is heredity. If high blood pressure runs in your family, there are fair chances of you developing it, too. In addition to this, factors like smoking and consumption of alcohol have direct impact on blood pressure. People who smoke and drink excessively are at increased risk of developing hypertension. Also, excess of salt in your diet can put you in risky bracket to develop hypertension. Other factors that put you at risk of hypertension are sedentary lifestyle, pregnancy, oral contraceptives, etc.